Quranic Lights: The Purposes of Surah Al-Fatihah



    First: Introduction:


    This is what is called the mother of the quran, which deals with the fundamentals of religion and its branches. Therefore, al-Qurtubi said: "In al-Faatihah of attributes, what is not for others, it is even said that all the Qur'aan is twenty-five words. Including the science of the Quran ", and as science whale has whale works, and included minutes of knowledge, has included what is human beings mind and passion, and has been chased by these shades of light, he said with sincere sincerity and passion:" In this Surah of Islamic faith colleges, , And the faculties of sentiments and orientations refer to the tip of the wisdom of the chosen "We will take a single approach in looking at its total purposes, and its overall objective is to look at it as a cure for all that the heart and mind have in terms of hardship and equanimity, and the severity of hardship and hardship. In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful, Lord of the earth and heaven.

    Secondly: Some of what is narrated indicates that it is healing and taqreeq:


    Al-Bukhaari and al-Tirmidhi narrated to him from Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) passed through the neighborhood of the Arabs, but they did not recognize them and did not add them. We said: Yes, but you did not recognize us and did not add us, do not do until you make us make. And they made a herd of sheep on it. He said: "Make a man of us read it with the opening of the book." So when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to us, we mentioned that to him. He said: "And do not know that it is a paper."
    .
    Al-Fatihah has received the moral healing that enlightens minds and minds, and the healing that brings wellness to life, and to talk about some of the healing axes in this blessed Sura.
    Third: The general themes of Surah Al-Fatihah suffices:
    The first axis: Fatihah is the cure of praise to God and flatter the remembrance of mercy mercy of mercy: This is evidenced by the first four verses (with Basmalah), they are all praise God says: (In the name of God the Merciful Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds  The owner of the day of religion} (Al-Fatihah: 1-4)

    The second axis: Al-Fatihah is the cure of shirk and hypocrisy ("We do not worship") (Al-Fatiha 5). He offered worship to use it because it is intended and intended.

    The third axis: the opening is the cure of wonder and pride (and we seek refuge) (Al-Fatihah 5), and the last resort because it is the means to the end that is worship, and by which the human takes the greatest energy and provides the most beautiful change to change of its condition as it finds the best aid.

    And these two axes that the introduction of the effect on the act in both sentences indicates the exclusivity and jurisdiction and deny what is only God: because they mean: We worship you alone and we worship no one else, and we seek you alone and we seek no one else, but if he said: "We worship you, The expression is not limited to the prohibition of worshiping others and the use of others in terms of the structure of this sentence, although evidence of prevention by external evidence. Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) pointed out that Ibn Taymiyyah used to deduce two of them in this verse. The walkers).

    The fourth axis: Al-Fatihah is the healing of comfort and joy in the conduct of the happy path: {We guided the straight path (*) the path of those who have been blessed by them} (Al-Fatihah 6-7) (Women: 69).

    The fifth axis: Al-Fatihah is the cure of anger and aggression: (not angry with them) (Al-Fatihah: 7), and those who hate them have learned the truth but they did not do what they learned, and the most prominent example of them Jews,
    1) Do not work with the science of taking over the body and the heart, as the Almighty said: (Then you took only a few of you and you are exposed) (Baqarah: 83)
    2) The desire to choose from the commands of God, which indicates arrogance as the Almighty says: (If a messenger came to you in what you do not like yourselves proud) (Al-Baqarah: 87)
    3) envy as the Almighty says: (Wd many of the people of the Book if they respond to you after your faith infidels envy from themselves after what was revealed to them right) (Baqarah: 109)
    4) The prostitute and the aggression, as God Almighty said about that: (Basma bought themselves to disbelieve as God revealed a prostration that God descends from his bounty on whom he will of his slaves  angry anger) (Baqarah: 90)

    (Al-Baqarah: 74), and then the hard-hearted heart of the aggression to attack the greatest creation of a place like the prophets, as the Almighty said (interpretation of the meaning): "And do not work with science and envy, : "When a messenger comes to you in a way that you do not like yourselves, you are proud, so you will be forgiven and you will be killed." (Al-Baqarah: 87)
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