History of the Arab countries before IslamIslamic history




    History of the Arab countries before Islam
    Islamic history


    Nature of Arabia.
    The Arabian Peninsula is of great importance in the history of Islam, especially the western part,
    where the Holy Prophet was raised and raised as a child.

    This country is known to Arab historians and geographies in the name of the Arabian Peninsula. This name is not true because it is not an island because
    it is not protected by water from any place but it is a peninsula, but the Arabs
    were called the peninsula on the island. They are called Arabian Peninsula on the island of Andalusia.
    Arab historians explain that it is called the island to surround the rivers
    and seas from every direction and became like the island.
    The island has an irregular quadrature with a length from
    north-west to south-east 2200 km. Its width is 1,200 km.
    It can be divided as a high plateau with at least 1,500 feet above the sea.

    The Arabian Peninsula:
    The Arabian Peninsula lies in the middle of a series of desert stretches like the belt around
    the ancient world, in the west towards the Nile in the north of Africa,
    the so-called Great Sahara, and the east through the Tigris and Euphrates,
    and the Iranian Plateau, the Turkestan and the Central Asian Desert.
    This is important because the researchers explained the reason for
    the Islamic expansion in the 7th and 8th centuries AD, where
    the Arabs expanded horizontally from Spain to Turkestan, and it can
    be said that the mediation of Arab countries between the ancient world
    lies between the continent of Asia and Africa, allowing their proportion to the two continents.

    Climate of the Arabian Peninsula:
    The climate of the Arabian Peninsula is drought-stricken and rain is scarce.
    So most of the Arabian Peninsula is desert. However, there are many
    medicines that run water with rain. These valleys are steep in the Red
    Sea or the Arabian Sea.
    The rain falls in autumn and winter in the north, and falls in the summer on
    the country of Yemen, and if rain fell in the desert, it sprouts an imminent
    people grow rapidly and quickly grow, which made the people of the Badia
    accept to travel and move to the places of water and people.

    Water in the Arabian Peninsula:
    Although the Arabian Peninsula does not contain a large river perpetual flow,
    but the valleys in the south remain full of water throughout the year because
    of the occurrence in the monsoon, which brings heavy monsoon rains,
    and the most famous valleys of the Arabian Peninsula is the valley of Sarhan 300 km
    long It is approximately 50-70 km long, and valleys are the primary
    source of water availability in the Arabian Peninsula.

    The second source of the existence of water in the Arabian Peninsula is the lakes:
    The most important lakes are located in Al-Kharj and Falaj areas.
    There are also lakes in oases and Al-Saha Oasis.
    Not all of these lakes are filled with water, but some are dry, with no water except during
    the rainy season.

    The third source of water resources in the Arabian Peninsula is the eyes:
    Which are found in oases, where life is usually stable.

    The fourth and last source of water presence in the Arabian Peninsula is the wells.
    In the deserts, including the Empty Quarter, the average depth of the wells is about 70 meters.
    Plants and animals of the Arabian Peninsula.
    The nature of the dry climate, the lack of water and the salinity of
    the soil affect the quality and growth of the plants, the date palms in
    the Hijaz, the wheat in Yemen, the barley in the oases, and the rice in Oman.
    The frankincense has played a major role in Yemen's trade as well as coffee.
    Apricots, melons and oranges.
    The most famous animals in the Arabian Peninsula are the tiger, the hyena,
    the fox and the dice, but the lion is now extinct and no longer exists.
    The animals in the Arabian Peninsula are horses and camels, sheep and goats, donkeys, cattle, mules,
    monkeys, monkeys and dogs.
    It is a poisonous insect, snake, scorpion and other birds, falcon, owl, punk,
    crescent, nightingale and pigeon.

    Sections of the Arabian Peninsula:
    The Arabian Peninsula was divided into five major sections:
    Yemen -1.
    2- Hejaz:
    3 - Tihama.
    4- Find.
    5 - Yamamah or offers.

    We hope that the article won your admiration.

    Wait for us in the next article and talk about Islamic history.

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